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ASA 8.4(2) on QEMU
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dmz



Joined: 01 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

PostPosted: Wed Dec 14, 2011 10:16 am    Post subject: ASA 8.4(2) on QEMU Reply with quote

After a week of deep investigation I found a way to run ASA 8.4(2) under QEMU.
I tried to minimize patches and create auto extraction script for those who
wish to experiment.

DISCLAIMER: All information provided here are solely for self-education and investigation purposes. Provided AS-IS without any warranties.

1. Get asa842-k8.bin (from your CCO account possibly)
2. Save attached script, unpack it and make executable (gunzip repack.sh.gz; chmod +x repack.sh)
3. run as root user (or within 'fakeroot' environment)
Code:

# ./repack.sh ./asa842-k8.bin


This will create three files in current directory:
asa842-vmlinuz - extracted kernel
asa842-initrd-original.gz - original extracted initrd
asa842-initrd.gz - patched initrd

Next you need to create flash image file (will be formatted automatically).
Code:

dd if=/dev/zero of=FLASH bs=1048576 count=256


NOTE: When using older repack.sh you need to format drive. I was using 'mkdiskimage' utility from 'syslinux' package - it is creating already formatted to FAT16/32 image:
Code:

$ mkdiskimage FLASH 980 16 32


All preparation is done! Start your QEMU Smile
I was using following command line:
Code:

/usr/bin/qemu \
-L /usr/share/qemu \
-m 1024 \
-nographic \
-cpu coreduo \
-icount auto \
-hda FLASH \
-kernel asa842-vmlinuz \
-initrd asa842-initrd.gz \
-hdachs 980,16,32 \
-append "ide_generic.probe_mask=0x01 ide_core.chs=0.0:980,16,32 auto nousb console=ttyS0,9600 bigphysarea=65536" \
-net "nic,vlan=0,macaddr=00:00:ab:cd:ef:01,model=pcnet" -net "tap,vlan=0,script=no,ifname=tap0" \
-net "nic,vlan=1,macaddr=00:00:ab:cd:ef:02,model=pcnet" -net "user,vlan=1,net=172.16.1.0/24" \
-net "nic,vlan=2,macaddr=00:00:ab:cd:ef:03,model=pcnet" -net
"user,vlan=2,net=172.16.2.0/24" \
-net "nic,vlan=3,macaddr=00:00:ab:cd:ef:04,model=pcnet" -net "user,vlan=3,net=172.16.3.0/24"


ASA should see all NICs that are attached to QEMU guest.

While you could use any NIC model - better stick with pcnet, because it is
compiled into kernel and does not require any modules to load.
Also udev included in initrd have some problems renaming eth* interfaces with intel chipsets - if you have more than two (UPDATE: with new repack.sh - intel chipsets could be used.)

UPDATE1: Add '-icount auto' to QEMU options - this will allow to bypass (not always so) 'Divizion by zero' exception. Also this will allow to do 'reload' in ASA.

UPDATE2: New repack script with updated patches!(see http://7200emu.hacki.at/viewtopic.php?p=33914#33914 for usage example)
Whats new:
- empty drive formatted automatically at first startup
- multiple context mode
- adding license now works
- failover works (tested only on Active/Standby in single context)
- should work with any QEMU NIC (e1000, etc.)
- support shell invocation before running 'lina'

Multiple context mode is working as in "native ASA" - issue 'mode multiple'
in configuration mode and agree to reload appliance. Startup scripts will
detect that mode changed by searching 'context admin' in startup-configuration - if found, instance will be started in multiple mode, if not - in single. This allows using common procedures described in Cisco documentation to switch modes.

To invoke shell just add 'shell' keyword to kernel arguments. To start 'lina' - just exit the shell, boot process will continue.

And some licenses that will allow to test most of functionality. Two different - so failover with different licensing could be tested:
Code:

more restrictive:
activation-key 0x4a3ec071 0x0d86fbf6 0x7cb1bc48 0x8b48b8b0 0xf317c0b5

and less restrictive:
activation-key 0xb23bcf4a 0x1c713b4f 0x7d53bcbc 0xc4f8d09c 0x0e24c6b6


UPDATE3: Changed displayed model to 'ASA 5520' and displayed license to 'ASA 5520 VPN Plus'

UPDATE4: Added ISO package. Script uses 'mkisofs' tool (from 'cdrtools' package) and /usr/share/syslinux/isolinux.bin file (from 'syslinux' package) to create bootable ISO image. It could be used to boot QEMU/VirtualBox appliances without any effort - just attach HDD, CDROM, boot from CD. No headache with right kernel params - they are hardcoded in ISO.
Example boot in QEMU:
Code:

$ qemu -m 1024 -nographic -icount auto -hda FLASH1 -hdachs 980,16,32 -cdrom ./asa.iso -boot order=d


NOTE:
This topic and all instructions are QEMU-only. It runs under other VMs if you are lucky and have enough knowledge. To summon some luck under other VMs set emulated chipset to PIIX3, use hardware acceleration (VT-x/AMD-V), use Primary Master IDE drive, use AMD PCNet2 adapters, disable audio and USB emulation.
If you follow all recommendations from this post (including kernel lines, etc) - then, and only then, there is a chance that it will run.
But even after that it could crash on 'sh int' command


VMware ESXi/Workstation users:
VMware products mentioned as tested and worked are ESXi 5 and Workstation 8.
You could find repack script version in this post (with instructions for ESXi): http://7200emu.hacki.at/viewtopic.php?p=34698#34698
And instructions for Workstation, here: http://7200emu.hacki.at/viewtopic.php?p=34741#34741


Last edited by dmz on Sat Jun 30, 2012 4:49 am; edited 7 times in total
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dmz



Joined: 01 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

PostPosted: Wed Dec 14, 2011 10:28 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

At this ASA version all configuration is saved correctly and RSA keys are persistent upon reboot.

Boot example:
Code:


Initializing cgroup subsys cpu
Linux version 2.6.29.6 (builders@bld-releng-05a) (gcc version 4.3.4 (crosstool-NG-1.5.0) ) #1 PREEMPT Wed Jun 15 17:19:01 MDT 2011
<skipped>
Starting kernel event manager...Loading hardware drivers...Initializing random number generator... done.
Starting network...
eth0: link up
eth1: link up
eth2: link up
eth3: link up
dosfsck 2.11, 12 Mar 2005, FAT32, LFN
Seek to 256900608:Invalid argument
dosfsck(/dev/hda1) returned 1
FAT: "posix" option is obsolete, not supported now
TIPC: Started in network mode
TIPC: Own node address <1.1.1>, network identity 1234
TIPC: Enabled bearer <eth:tap0>, discovery domain <1.1.0>, priority 10
msrif: module license 'Cisco Systems, Inc' taints kernel.
msrif module loaded.
Starting Likewise Service Manager
Processor memory 654311424, Reserved memory: 62914560
WARNING: LINA Monitor notification queue not created
No such file or directory
IMAGE ERROR: An error occurred when reading the controller type

Total NICs found: 4
secstore_buf_fill: Error reading secure store -  buffer 0xddfffb18, size 0x14
key_nv_init: read returned error 1, len 129
L4TM: Unknown ASA Model

INFO: Unable to read firewall mode from flash
       Writing default firewall mode (single) to flash
license_init(): Platform is generic
Running Permanent Activation Key: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000
The Running Activation Key is not valid, using default settings:

Licensed features for this platform:
Maximum Physical Interfaces       : Unlimited      perpetual
Maximum VLANs                     : 100            perpetual
Inside Hosts                      : Unlimited      perpetual
Failover                          : Disabled       perpetual
VPN-DES                           : Disabled       perpetual
VPN-3DES-AES                      : Disabled       perpetual
Security Contexts                 : 0              perpetual
GTP/GPRS                          : Disabled       perpetual
AnyConnect Premium Peers          : 5000           perpetual
AnyConnect Essentials             : Disabled       perpetual
Other VPN Peers                   : 5000           perpetual
Total VPN Peers                   : 0              perpetual
Shared License                    : Disabled       perpetual
AnyConnect for Mobile             : Disabled       perpetual
AnyConnect for Cisco VPN Phone    : Disabled       perpetual
Advanced Endpoint Assessment      : Disabled       perpetual
UC Phone Proxy Sessions           : 2              perpetual
Total UC Proxy Sessions           : 2              perpetual
Botnet Traffic Filter             : Disabled       perpetual
Intercompany Media Engine         : Disabled       perpetual

This platform has an Unknown license.


Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Software Version 8.4(2)
_le_open: fd:4, name:eth0
---Device eth0 (fd: 4) opened succesful!
_le_open: fd:8, name:eth1
---Device eth1 (fd: 8) opened succesful!
_le_open: fd:9, name:eth2
---Device eth2 (fd: 9) opened succesful!
_le_open: fd:10, name:eth3
---Device eth3 (fd: 10) opened succesful!

  ****************************** Warning *******************************
  This product contains cryptographic features and is
  subject to United States and local country laws
  governing, import, export, transfer, and use.
  Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not
  imply third-party authority to import, export,
  distribute, or use encryption. Importers, exporters,
  distributors and users are responsible for compliance
  with U.S. and local country laws. By using this
  product you agree to comply with applicable laws and
  regulations. If you are unable to comply with U.S.
  and local laws, return the enclosed items immediately.

  A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic
  products may be found at:
  http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html

  If you require further assistance please contact us by
  sending email to export@cisco.com.
  ******************************* Warning *******************************

Copyright (c) 1996-2011 by Cisco Systems, Inc.

                Restricted Rights Legend

Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is
subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph
(c) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted
Rights clause at FAR sec. 52.227-19 and subparagraph
(c) (1) (ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer
Software clause at DFARS sec. 252.227-7013.

                Cisco Systems, Inc.
                170 West Tasman Drive
                San Jose, California 95134-1706

config_fetcher: channel open failed
ERROR: MIGRATION - Could not get the startup configuration.
COREDUMP UPDATE: open message queue fail: No such file or directory/2

INFO: MIGRATION - Saving the startup errors to file 'flash:upgrade_startup_errors_201112140925.log'
Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.
ciscoasa> en
Password:
ciscoasa# conf t
ciscoasa(config)#

***************************** NOTICE *****************************

Help to improve the ASA platform by enabling anonymous reporting,
which allows Cisco to securely receive minimal error and health
information from the device. To learn more about this feature,
please visit: http://www.cisco.com/go/smartcall

Would you like to enable anonymous error reporting to help improve
the product? [Y]es, [N]o, [A]sk later: N

In the future, if you would like to enable this feature,
issue the command "call-home reporting anonymous".

Please remember to save your configuration.

ciscoasa(config)# clear configure call-home
ciscoasa(config)# crypto key generate rsa
INFO: The name for the keys will be: <Default-RSA-Key>
Keypair generation process begin. Please wait...
ciscoasa(config)# int g0
ciscoasa(config-if)# nameif outside
INFO: Security level for "outside" set to 0 by default.
ciscoasa(config-if)# ip address 192.168.5.2 255.255.255.0
ciscoasa(config-if)# no shut
ciscoasa(config-if)# exit
ciscoasa(config)# ssh 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 outside
ciscoasa(config)# username cisco password cisco
ciscoasa(config)# aaa authentication ssh console LOCAL
ciscoasa(config)# wr mem
Building configuration...
Cryptochecksum: 9901ecdc afa2aded 68586ca0 43944721

1652 bytes copied in 0.650 secs
[OK]
ciscoasa(config)# exit
ciscoasa# QEMU: Terminated


After this I'm able to SSH to my appliance from outside:
Code:


$ ssh cisco@192.168.5.2
The authenticity of host '192.168.5.2 (192.168.5.2)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is b4:a6:85:b3:c5:5a:89:37:f0:d8:4a:eb:a9:9b:c4:c5.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.5.2' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
cisco@192.168.5.2's password:

Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.
ciscoasa> en
Password:
ciscoasa# sh ver

Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Software Version 8.4(2)

Compiled on Wed 15-Jun-11 18:17 by builders
System image file is "Unknown, monitor mode tftp booted image"
Config file at boot was "startup-config"

ciscoasa up 4 mins 33 secs

Hardware:   F1-GENERIC, 1024 MB RAM, CPU Pentium II 3394 MHz
Internal ATA Compact Flash, 256MB
BIOS Flash unknown @ 0x0, 0KB


 0: Ext: GigabitEthernet0    : address is 0000.abcd.ef01, irq 0
 1: Ext: GigabitEthernet1    : address is 0000.abcd.ef02, irq 0
 2: Ext: GigabitEthernet2    : address is 0000.abcd.ef03, irq 0
 3: Ext: GigabitEthernet3    : address is 0000.abcd.ef04, irq 0

Licensed features for this platform:
Maximum Physical Interfaces       : Unlimited      perpetual
Maximum VLANs                     : 100            perpetual
Inside Hosts                      : Unlimited      perpetual
Failover                          : Disabled       perpetual
VPN-DES                           : Disabled       perpetual
ciscoasa#     
ciscoasa# exit

Logoff

Connection to 192.168.5.2 closed.


After reboot (stop and start QEMU, never use 'reload' command!) I could SSH to it again, without regenerating keys:
Code:


$ ssh cisco@192.168.5.2
cisco@192.168.5.2's password:
Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.
ciscoasa> exit

Logoff

Connection to 192.168.5.2 closed.
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dmz



Joined: 01 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

PostPosted: Wed Dec 14, 2011 10:32 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Also running 'lina' in 'test mode' seems to activate all features in spite of what written in 'sh ver' output.

I was able to setup 3des-aes VPN and successfully connect to it.
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denmarcj



Joined: 24 Jun 2007
Posts: 83

PostPosted: Wed Dec 14, 2011 4:19 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

great work dmz, thanks man
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dmz



Joined: 01 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

PostPosted: Wed Dec 14, 2011 8:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

License assumption is wrong Sad still required valid license for failover, for example.
Working on adding custom serial number and model name - this will allow license reuse from existing appliances.
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signal.quest



Joined: 14 Apr 2007
Posts: 119

PostPosted: Wed Dec 14, 2011 8:06 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Wow! Great work! I have been running 8.02 natively with help from another forum member for years. Do you have any insight on how I can run this new version in the same manner? I can provide you the files and information he provided me if it helps. Thanks!

Last edited by signal.quest on Wed Dec 21, 2011 10:26 pm; edited 1 time in total
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signal.quest



Joined: 14 Apr 2007
Posts: 119

PostPosted: Wed Dec 14, 2011 9:23 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Natively meaning that it runs on a dedicated PC and not using qemu. It boots off of a USB drive into a small linux distribution and runs from there. The PC thinks it is an ASA and behaves the same way.
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nikos_gr



Joined: 14 Dec 2011
Posts: 5

PostPosted: Wed Dec 14, 2011 9:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I 've been running the 802 in a virtualbox vm and it's been very flexible in integrating in my labs.

I installed it using the notorious <asa _ 1.4 . iso> produced by a member of this forum.

Tried to get into the logic behind converting the new qemu image to a dedicated VM (or a physical machine) but unfortunatelly I can't figure out how to do it.

So if you could convert this version to run as a standalone vm It would be great!!!!!
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dmz



Joined: 01 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

PostPosted: Thu Dec 15, 2011 6:23 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

signal.quest wrote:
Wow! Great work! I have been running 8.2 natively with help from another forum member for years. Do you have any insight on how I can run this new version in the same manner? I can provide you the files and information he provided me if it helps. Thanks!

In fact, if you look at startup scripts I run 'lina' like this:
Code:

lina -t -e eth0 -e eth1 -e eth2 -e eth3

where 'eth0..eth3' are cards from host OS.
When specifying interfaces in such way 'lina' could be run on any system with any network cards (because cards are detected as 'lina_eth' and just act as proxy to OS cards which need to be up, but without ip addresses)
But! when adding cards such way 'lina' assignes to each card some PCI address, which is looked up during commands like 'show interfaces'. My patch changes hardcoded Intel multiport NIC address to QEMU specific addresses starting from 00:03.0. So if you want this 'lina' to work on any system - you need to be sure that there are any devices on PCI addresses 00:03.0, 00:04.0, 00:05.0, 00:06.0 etc. (they do not need to be real NICs, because 'lina_eth' drivers seems just check availability of device)

There could be quick and dirty fix to run 'lina' virtually on any host OS with required license:
- patch PCI address of NICs to one same static PCI device that always present (like PCI-ISA bridge)
- hardcode Serial number
- hardcode Model name

PS. Any information will be helpful, please PM
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dmz



Joined: 01 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

PostPosted: Thu Dec 15, 2011 6:38 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

nikos_gr wrote:

So if you could convert this version to run as a standalone vm It would be great!!!!!

Sorry, I will not provide/release any binaries, you could get them from Cisco or anywhere...

QEMU is already "stand-alone" VM that could be connected to any lab through VDE or TAP interface (VirtualBox supports VDE, GNS3 supports VDE/TAP)
While VirtualBox/VMware more closely reassembles ASA hardware (they could emulate ICH* - native ASA chipset, while QEMU still 440BX) - they do not have easy and fast way to extend and reconfigure them.

PS. Installing ASA in VB/VMware should be pretty easy:
- create FAT16 disk image
- put kernel/initrd in created /boot directory
- copy 'grub' files into /boot/grub
- boot from livecd in rescue mode, install grub on 'hda'
- fix grub.conf to include ASA images
- reboot and enjoy
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judgin



Joined: 14 Dec 2011
Posts: 1

PostPosted: Thu Dec 15, 2011 1:05 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Can run ASA 8.4 with this path under GNS3?
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dmz



Joined: 01 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

PostPosted: Thu Dec 15, 2011 1:37 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

judgin wrote:
Can run ASA 8.4 with this path under GNS3?

I do not have QEMU patched for GNS3 (with UDP tunnels/etc) so cannot try. But because QEMU essentially the same (only userside NIC added) - it should run on GNS3.
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nikos_gr



Joined: 14 Dec 2011
Posts: 5

PostPosted: Thu Dec 15, 2011 10:46 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

dmz wrote:
nikos_gr wrote:

So if you could convert this version to run as a standalone vm It would be great!!!!!

Sorry, I will not provide/release any binaries, you could get them from Cisco or anywhere...

QEMU is already "stand-alone" VM that could be connected to any lab through VDE or TAP interface (VirtualBox supports VDE, GNS3 supports VDE/TAP)
While VirtualBox/VMware more closely reassembles ASA hardware (they could emulate ICH* - native ASA chipset, while QEMU still 440BX) - they do not have easy and fast way to extend and reconfigure them.

PS. Installing ASA in VB/VMware should be pretty easy:
- create FAT16 disk image
- put kernel/initrd in created /boot directory
- copy 'grub' files into /boot/grub
- boot from livecd in rescue mode, install grub on 'hda'
- fix grub.conf to include ASA images
- reboot and enjoy


First of all, thanks a mill for your work and your willingness to help

following your instructions I managed to get the asa booting as a vm in virtualbox.

I got the following output:

Code:
attaching console,wait ...connected!

                                    Initializing cgroup subsys cpu
Linux version 2.6.29.6 (builders@bld-releng-05a) (gcc version 4.3.4 (crosstool-NG-1.5.0) ) #1 PREEMPT Wed Jun 15 17:19:01 MDT 2011
KERNEL supported cpus:
  Intel GenuineIntel
  AMD AuthenticAMD
  NSC Geode by NSC
  Cyrix CyrixInstead
  Centaur CentaurHauls
  Transmeta GenuineTMx86
  Transmeta TransmetaCPU
  UMC UMC UMC UMC
BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009fc00 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000000009fc00 - 00000000000a0000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000000f0000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 000000001fff0000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001fff0000 - 0000000020000000 (ACPI data)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000fffc0000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)
last_pfn = 0x1fff0 max_arch_pfn = 0x100000
CPU MTRRs all blank - virtualized system.
RAMDISK: 1e970000 - 1ffdfc59
Allocated new RAMDISK: 003a1000 - 01a10c59
Move RAMDISK from 000000001e970000 - 000000001ffdfc58 to 003a1000 - 01a10c58
103MB HIGHMEM available.
407MB LOWMEM available.
  mapped low ram: 0 - 197fe000
  low ram: 00000000 - 197fe000
  bootmap 00001000 - 00004300
(7 early reservations) ==> bootmem [0000000000 - 00197fe000]
  #0 [0000000000 - 0000001000]   BIOS data page ==> [0000000000 - 0000001000]
  #1 [0000100000 - 000039ed10]    TEXT DATA BSS ==> [0000100000 - 000039ed10]
  #2 [000039f000 - 00003a1000]    INIT_PG_TABLE ==> [000039f000 - 00003a1000]
  #3 [000009fc00 - 0000100000]    BIOS reserved ==> [000009fc00 - 0000100000]
  #4 [0000007000 - 0000008000]          PGTABLE ==> [0000007000 - 0000008000]
  #5 [00003a1000 - 0001a10c59]      NEW RAMDISK ==> [00003a1000 - 0001a10c59]
  #6 [0000001000 - 0000005000]          BOOTMAP ==> [0000001000 - 0000005000]
Zone PFN ranges:
  DMA      0x00000000 -> 0x00001000
  Normal   0x00001000 -> 0x000197fe
  HighMem  0x000197fe -> 0x0001fff0
Movable zone start PFN for each node
early_node_map[2] active PFN ranges
    0: 0x00000000 -> 0x0000009f
    0: 0x00000100 -> 0x0001fff0
Allocating PCI resources starting at 30000000 (gap: 20000000:dffc0000)
Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 129935
Kernel command line: root=/dev/hda1 rw console=tty0 console=ttyS0,115200,n8 auto nousb ide1=noprobe bigphysarea=16384
Enabling fast FPU save and restore... done.
Enabling unmasked SIMD FPU exception support... done.
Initializing CPU#0
PID hash table entries: 2048 (order: 11, 8192 bytes)
Fast TSC calibration using PIT
Detected 3168.294 MHz processor.
Console: colour dummy device 80x25
console [tty0] enabled
console [ttyS0] enabled
Dentry cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
allocated 2621120 bytes of page_cgroup
please try cgroup_disable=memory option if you don't want
Memory: 425120k/524224k available (1715k kernel code, 98276k reserved, 623k data, 156k init, 106440k highmem)
virtual kernel memory layout:
    fixmap  : 0xfffed000 - 0xfffff000   (  72 kB)
    pkmap   : 0xff800000 - 0xffc00000   (4096 kB)
    vmalloc : 0xf7ffe000 - 0xff7fe000   ( 120 MB)
    lowmem  : 0xde000000 - 0xf77fe000   ( 407 MB)
      .init : 0xde34c000 - 0xde373000   ( 156 kB)
      .data : 0xde2acca6 - 0xde348938   ( 623 kB)
      .text : 0xde100000 - 0xde2acca6   (1715 kB)
Checking if this processor honours the WP bit even in supervisor mode...Ok.
Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 6336.58 BogoMIPS (lpj=3168294)
Security Framework initialized
Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
Initializing cgroup subsys cpuacct
Initializing cgroup subsys memory
CPU: L1 I Cache: 64K (64 bytes/line), D cache 64K (64 bytes/line)
CPU: L2 Cache: 512K (64 bytes/line)
Intel machine check architecture supported.
Intel machine check reporting enabled on CPU#0.
using mwait in idle threads.
CPU: AMD Phenom(tm) II X6 1090T Processor stepping 00
Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
Freeing SMP alternatives: 0k freed
net_namespace: 668 bytes
NET: Registered protocol family 16
PCI: PCI BIOS revision 2.10 entry at 0xfc040, last bus=0
PCI: Using configuration type 1 for base access
PCI: Using configuration type 1 for extended access
bio: create slab <bio-0> at 0
PCI: Probing PCI hardware
pci 0000:00:01.0: PIIX/ICH IRQ router [8086:7000]
pci 0000:00:02.0: BAR 0: can't allocate resource
NET: Registered protocol family 2
IP route cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
TCP established hash table entries: 16384 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
TCP bind hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 16384 bind 16384)
TCP reno registered
NET: Registered protocol family 1
Unpacking initramfs... done
Freeing initrd memory: 22975k freed
platform rtc_cmos: registered platform RTC device (no PNP device found)
Machine check exception polling timer started.
highmem bounce pool size: 64 pages
HugeTLB registered 4 MB page size, pre-allocated 0 pages
bigphysarea: Allocated 16384 pages at 0xe0000000.
msgmni has been set to 668
modprobe[110] general protection ip:dd751668 sp:ddccdbac error:0 in ld-2.9.so[dd73b000+1c000]
io scheduler noop registered
io scheduler anticipatory registered (default)
io scheduler deadline registered
io scheduler cfq registered
pci 0000:00:00.0: Limiting direct PCI/PCI transfers
pci 0000:00:01.0: Activating ISA DMA hang workarounds
Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 4 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
serial8250: ttyS0 at I/O 0x3f8 (irq = 4) is a 16550A
loop: module loaded
pcnet32.c:v1.35 21.Apr.2008 tsbogend@alpha.franken.de
pcnet32 0000:00:03.0: found PCI INT A -> IRQ 10
pci 0000:00:07.0: IRQ routing conflict: have IRQ 9, want IRQ 10
pcnet32 0000:00:03.0: sharing IRQ 10 with 0000:00:0b.0
pcnet32: PCnet/FAST III 79C973 at 0xd020, 08:00:27:4f:40:4a assigned IRQ 10.
pcnet32: Found PHY 0022:561b at address 0.
eth0: registered as PCnet/FAST III 79C973
pcnet32 0000:00:08.0: found PCI INT A -> IRQ 9
pcnet32 0000:00:08.0: sharing IRQ 9 with 0000:00:04.0
pcnet32: PCnet/FAST III 79C973 at 0xd060, 08:00:27:59:f4:6b assigned IRQ 9.
pcnet32: Found PHY 0022:561b at address 0.
eth1: registered as PCnet/FAST III 79C973
pcnet32 0000:00:09.0: found PCI INT A -> IRQ 5
pcnet32: PCnet/FAST III 79C973 at 0xd080, 08:00:27:b3:f5:c0 assigned IRQ 5.
pcnet32: Found PHY 0022:561b at address 0.
eth2: registered as PCnet/FAST III 79C973
pcnet32 0000:00:0a.0: found PCI INT A -> IRQ 11
pcnet32 0000:00:0a.0: sharing IRQ 11 with 0000:00:02.0
pcnet32 0000:00:0a.0: sharing IRQ 11 with 0000:00:06.0
pcnet32: PCnet/FAST III 79C973 at 0xd0a0, 08:00:27:9d:0d:37 assigned IRQ 11.
pcnet32: Found PHY 0022:561b at address 0.
eth3: registered as PCnet/FAST III 79C973
pcnet32: 4 cards_found.
tun: Universal TUN/TAP device driver, 1.6
tun: (C) 1999-2004 Max Krasnyansky <maxk@qualcomm.com>
Uniform Multi-Platform E-IDE driver
ide_generic: please use "probe_mask=0x3f" module parameter for probing all legacy ISA IDE ports
ide-gd driver 1.18
TCP cubic registered
NET: Registered protocol family 17
RPC: Registered udp transport module.
RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
802.1Q VLAN Support v1.8 Ben Greear <greearb@candelatech.com>
All bugs added by David S. Miller <davem@redhat.com>
TIPC: Activated (version 1.6.4 compiled Jun 15 2011 17:18:15)
NET: Registered protocol family 30
TIPC: Started in single node mode
Using IPI Shortcut mode
modprobe[221] general protection ip:dd7e4668 sp:ddd81dbc error:0 in ld-2.9.so[dd7ce000+1c000]
Freeing unused kernel memory: 156k freed
Write protecting the kernel text: 1716k
Write protecting the kernel read-only data: 504k
mount: you must be root
mount: you must be root
mount: you must be root
mount: you must be root
ifconfig: SIOCSIFADDR: Permission denied
Starting network...
ifconfig: /proc/net/dev: No such file or directory
ifconfig: /proc/net/dev: No such file or directory
Clocksource tsc unstable (delta = 350134108 ns)
mount: you must be root
Failed to open '/dev/net/tun' : No such file or directory
must be network administrator to perform operation
/asa/scripts/rcS.common: line 41: can't create /proc/sys/vm/overcommit_memory: nonexistent directory
/asa/scripts/rcS.common: line 42: can't create /proc/sys/vm/overcommit_ratio: nonexistent directory
/asa/scripts/rcS.common: line 43: can't create /proc/sys/kernel/randomize_va_space: nonexistent directory
/asa/scripts/rcS.common: line 47: can't create /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax: nonexistent directory
/asa/scripts/rcS.common: line 59: can't create /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern: nonexistent directory
grep: /proc/cpuinfo: No such file or directory
./asa/scripts/cgroup_config: line 26: Illegal number: -1
grep: /proc/tty/driver/serial: No such file or directory
Starting Likewise Service Manager
ERROR: ld.so: object 'libdsocks.so' from LD_PRELOAD cannot be preloaded: ignored.
libcgroup initialization failed: Cgroup generic error, error message: No such file or directory
Unable to start Likewise Service Manager status 96
regshell (error = 40700 - LWREG_ERROR_NO_SUCH_KEY_OR_VALUE)
No such key or value
regshell (error = 40700 - LWREG_ERROR_NO_SUCH_KEY_OR_VALUE)
No such key or value
regshell (error = 40700 - LWREG_ERROR_NO_SUCH_KEY_OR_VALUE)
No such key or value
regshell (error = 40700 - LWREG_ERROR_NO_SUCH_KEY_OR_VALUE)
No such key or value
regshell (error = 40700 - LWREG_ERROR_NO_SUCH_KEY_OR_VALUE)
No such key or value
regshell (error = 40700 - LWREG_ERROR_NO_SUCH_KEY_OR_VALUE)
No such key or value
regshell (error = 40700 - LWREG_ERROR_NO_SUCH_KEY_OR_VALUE)
No such key or value
sh: you need to specify whom to kill
can't open /dev/ttyS0: No such file or directory


Then I tried it with qemu and still got the same problems.

Any insight?
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dmz



Joined: 01 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

PostPosted: Fri Dec 16, 2011 11:11 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

nikos_gr wrote:

following your instructions I managed to get the asa booting as a vm in virtualbox.

I got the following output:

Code:

...
Kernel command line: root=/dev/hda1 rw console=tty0 console=ttyS0,115200,n8 auto nousb ide1=noprobe bigphysarea=16384
...
modprobe[110] general protection ip:dd751668 sp:ddccdbac error:0 in ld-2.9.so[dd73b000+1c000]
...
modprobe[221] general protection ip:dd7e4668 sp:ddd81dbc error:0 in ld-2.9.so[dd7ce000+1c000]
...
mount: you must be root


Then I tried it with qemu and still got the same problems.

Any insight?


First seems that you created VM with 512Mb of memory and small bigphysarea size (only 64Mb). While total mem should be sufficient - bigphysarea should be increased - change whole kernel command line to match one provided in first post:
Code:

ide_generic.probe_mask=0x01 ide_core.chs=0.0:980,16,32 auto nousb console=ttyS0,9600 bigphysarea=65536

('root_dev' could be omitted)
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nikos_gr



Joined: 14 Dec 2011
Posts: 5

PostPosted: Mon Dec 19, 2011 12:57 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sorry for the HUGE output.

This is what I get with 512MB ram

Code:
Initializing cgroup subsys cpu
Linux version 2.6.29.6 (builders@bld-releng-05a) (gcc version 4.3.4 (crosstool-NG-1.5.0) ) #1 PREEMPT Wed Jun 15 17:19:01 MDT 2011
KERNEL supported cpus:
  Intel GenuineIntel
  AMD AuthenticAMD
  NSC Geode by NSC
  Cyrix CyrixInstead
  Centaur CentaurHauls
  Transmeta GenuineTMx86
  Transmeta TransmetaCPU
  UMC UMC UMC UMC
BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009f000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000000009f000 - 00000000000a0000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000000e8000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 000000001fff0000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001fff0000 - 0000000020000000 (ACPI data)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000fffc0000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)
last_pfn = 0x1fff0 max_arch_pfn = 0x100000
RAMDISK: 1e981000 - 1ffef974
Allocated new RAMDISK: 003a1000 - 01a0f974
Move RAMDISK from 000000001e981000 - 000000001ffef973 to 003a1000 - 01a0f973
103MB HIGHMEM available.
407MB LOWMEM available.
  mapped low ram: 0 - 197fe000
  low ram: 00000000 - 197fe000
  bootmap 00001000 - 00004300
(7 early reservations) ==> bootmem [0000000000 - 00197fe000]
  #0 [0000000000 - 0000001000]   BIOS data page ==> [0000000000 - 0000001000]
  #1 [0000100000 - 000039ed10]    TEXT DATA BSS ==> [0000100000 - 000039ed10]
  #2 [000039f000 - 00003a1000]    INIT_PG_TABLE ==> [000039f000 - 00003a1000]
  #3 [000009fc00 - 0000100000]    BIOS reserved ==> [000009fc00 - 0000100000]
  #4 [0000007000 - 0000008000]          PGTABLE ==> [0000007000 - 0000008000]
  #5 [00003a1000 - 0001a0f974]      NEW RAMDISK ==> [00003a1000 - 0001a0f974]
  #6 [0000001000 - 0000005000]          BOOTMAP ==> [0000001000 - 0000005000]
Zone PFN ranges:
  DMA      0x00000000 -> 0x00001000
  Normal   0x00001000 -> 0x000197fe
  HighMem  0x000197fe -> 0x0001fff0
Movable zone start PFN for each node
early_node_map[2] active PFN ranges
    0: 0x00000000 -> 0x0000009f
    0: 0x00000100 -> 0x0001fff0
Allocating PCI resources starting at 30000000 (gap: 20000000:dffc0000)
Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 129935
Kernel command line: ide_generic.probe_mask=0x01 ide_core.chs=0.0:980,16,32 auto nousb console=ttyS0,9600 bigphysarea=65536
Enabling fast FPU save and restore... done.
Enabling unmasked SIMD FPU exception support... done.
Initializing CPU#0
PID hash table entries: 2048 (order: 11, 8192 bytes)
Fast TSC calibration failed
TSC: Unable to calibrate against PIT
TSC: No reference (HPET/PMTIMER) available
Marking TSC unstable due to could not calculate TSC khz
Console: colour dummy device 80x25
console [ttyS0] enabled
Dentry cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
allocated 2621120 bytes of page_cgroup
please try cgroup_disable=memory option if you don't want
Memory: 228512k/524224k available (1715k kernel code, 294880k reserved, 623k data, 156k init, 106440k highmem)
virtual kernel memory layout:
    fixmap  : 0xfffed000 - 0xfffff000   (  72 kB)
    pkmap   : 0xff800000 - 0xffc00000   (4096 kB)
    vmalloc : 0xf7ffe000 - 0xff7fe000   ( 120 MB)
    lowmem  : 0xde000000 - 0xf77fe000   ( 407 MB)
      .init : 0xde34c000 - 0xde373000   ( 156 kB)
      .data : 0xde2acca6 - 0xde348938   ( 623 kB)
      .text : 0xde100000 - 0xde2acca6   (1715 kB)
Checking if this processor honours the WP bit even in supervisor mode...Ok.
Calibrating delay loop... 285.69 BogoMIPS (lpj=142848)
Security Framework initialized
Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
Initializing cgroup subsys cpuacct
Initializing cgroup subsys memory
CPU: L1 I cache: 32K, L1 D cache: 32K
CPU: L2 cache: 2048K
CPU: Intel Pentium II (Klamath) stepping 03
Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
Freeing SMP alternatives: 0k freed
net_namespace: 668 bytes
NET: Registered protocol family 16
PCI: PCI BIOS revision 2.10 entry at 0xfb430, last bus=0
PCI: Using configuration type 1 for base access
bio: create slab <bio-0> at 0
PCI: Probing PCI hardware
pci 0000:00:01.3: quirk: region b000-b03f claimed by PIIX4 ACPI
pci 0000:00:01.3: quirk: region b100-b10f claimed by PIIX4 SMB
pci 0000:00:01.0: PIIX/ICH IRQ router [8086:7000]
pci 0000:00:02.0: BAR 0: can't allocate resource
NET: Registered protocol family 2
IP route cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
TCP established hash table entries: 16384 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
TCP bind hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 16384 bind 16384)
TCP reno registered
NET: Registered protocol family 1
Unpacking initramfs... done
Freeing initrd memory: 22970k freed
platform rtc_cmos: registered platform RTC device (no PNP device found)
highmem bounce pool size: 64 pages
HugeTLB registered 4 MB page size, pre-allocated 0 pages
bigphysarea: Allocated 65536 pages at 0xe0000000.
msgmni has been set to 284
io scheduler noop registered
io scheduler anticipatory registered (default)
io scheduler deadline registered
io scheduler cfq registered
pci 0000:00:00.0: Limiting direct PCI/PCI transfers
pci 0000:00:01.0: PIIX3: Enabling Passive Release
pci 0000:00:01.0: Activating ISA DMA hang workarounds
Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 4 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
serial8250: ttyS0 at I/O 0x3f8 (irq = 4) is a 16550A
loop: module loaded
pcnet32.c:v1.35 21.Apr.2008 tsbogend@alpha.franken.de
pcnet32 0000:00:03.0: found PCI INT A -> IRQ 11
pcnet32: PCnet/PCI II 79C970A at 0xc020, 00:ab:cd:92:52:00 assigned IRQ 11.
eth0: registered as PCnet/PCI II 79C970A
pcnet32 0000:00:04.0: found PCI INT A -> IRQ 9
pcnet32: PCnet/PCI II 79C970A at 0xc040, 00:ab:cd:92:52:01 assigned IRQ 9.
eth1: registered as PCnet/PCI II 79C970A
pcnet32 0000:00:05.0: found PCI INT A -> IRQ 11
pci 0000:00:01.3: IRQ routing conflict: have IRQ 9, want IRQ 11
pcnet32: PCnet/PCI II 79C970A at 0xc060, 00:ab:cd:92:52:02 assigned IRQ 11.
eth2: registered as PCnet/PCI II 79C970A
pcnet32 0000:00:06.0: found PCI INT A -> IRQ 9
pcnet32: PCnet/PCI II 79C970A at 0xc080, 00:ab:cd:92:52:03 assigned IRQ 9.
eth3: registered as PCnet/PCI II 79C970A
pcnet32: 4 cards_found.
tun: Universal TUN/TAP device driver, 1.6
tun: (C) 1999-2004 Max Krasnyansky <maxk@qualcomm.com>
Uniform Multi-Platform E-IDE driver
ide_generic: enforcing probing of I/O ports upon user request
ide: forcing hda as a disk (980/16/32)
hda: QEMU HARDDISK, ATA DISK drive
ide0 at 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6 on irq 14
ide-gd driver 1.18
hda: max request size: 512KiB
hda: 524288 sectors (268 MB) w/256KiB Cache, CHS=980/16/32
hda: cache flushes supported
 hda: unknown partition table
TCP cubic registered
NET: Registered protocol family 17
RPC: Registered udp transport module.
RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
802.1Q VLAN Support v1.8 Ben Greear <greearb@candelatech.com>
All bugs added by David S. Miller <davem@redhat.com>
TIPC: Activated (version 1.6.4 compiled Jun 15 2011 17:18:15)
NET: Registered protocol family 30
TIPC: Started in single node mode
Using IPI Shortcut mode
Freeing unused kernel memory: 156k freed
Write protecting the kernel text: 1716k
Write protecting the kernel read-only data: 504k
Starting kernel event manager...Loading hardware drivers...Initializing random number generator... done.
Starting network...
eth0: link up
eth1: link up
eth2: link up
eth3: link up
dosfsck 2.11, 12 Mar 2005, FAT32, LFN
open /dev/hda1:No such file or directory
dosfsck(/dev/hda1) returned 1
mount: mounting /dev/hda1 on /mnt/disk0 failed: No such file or directory
mount: mounting /dev/hda1 on /mnt/disk0 failed: No such file or directory
TIPC: Started in network mode
TIPC: Own node address <1.1.1>, network identity 1234
TIPC: Enabled bearer <eth:tap0>, discovery domain <1.1.0>, priority 10
msrif: module license 'Cisco Systems, Inc' taints kernel.
msrif module loaded.
Starting Likewise Service Manager
Processor memory 146800640, Reserved memory: 41943040
WARNING: LINA Monitor notification queue not created
No such file or directory
IMAGE ERROR: An error occurred when reading the controller type

Total NICs found: 4
secstore_buf_fill: Error reading secure store -  buffer 0xddfffb28, size 0x14
key_nv_init: read returned error 1, len 129
L4TM: Unknown ASA Model

Thread Name: DATAPATH-0-490
[b]Floating point exception: Integer divide by 0[/b]
    vector 0x00000000
       edi 0x00000000
       esi 0x00000000
       ebp 0xdcc31f48
       esp 0xdcc31f20
       ebx 0x00000000
       edx 0x00000000
       ecx 0x00000000
       eax 0x00000001


<output omitted>
-----------------------------------------------
REBOOT: open message queue fail: No such file or directory/2
REBOOT: enforce reboot...
Segmentation fault (core dumped)
The system is going down NOW!
Sent SIGTERM to all processes
Sent SIGKILL to all processes
Requesting system reboot
Restarting system.
machine restart
Initializing cgroup subsys cpu
Linux version 2.6.29.6 (builders@bld-releng-05a) (gcc version 4.3.4 (crosstool-NG-1.5.0) ) #1 PREEMPT Wed Jun 15 17:19:01 MDT 2011
KERNEL supported cpus:
  Intel GenuineIntel
  AMD AuthenticAMD
  NSC Geode by NSC
  Cyrix CyrixInstead
  Centaur CentaurHauls
  Transmeta GenuineTMx86
  Transmeta TransmetaCPU
  UMC UMC UMC UMC
BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009f000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000000009f000 - 00000000000a0000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000000e8000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 000000001fff0000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 000000001fff0000 - 0000000020000000 (ACPI data)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000fffc0000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)
last_pfn = 0x1fff0 max_arch_pfn = 0x100000
RAMDISK: 1e981000 - 1ffef974
Allocated new RAMDISK: 003a1000 - 01a0f974
Move RAMDISK from 000000001e981000 - 000000001ffef973 to 003a1000 - 01a0f973
103MB HIGHMEM available.
407MB LOWMEM available.
  mapped low ram: 0 - 197fe000
  low ram: 00000000 - 197fe000
  bootmap 00001000 - 00004300
(7 early reservations) ==> bootmem [0000000000 - 00197fe000]
  #0 [0000000000 - 0000001000]   BIOS data page ==> [0000000000 - 0000001000]
  #1 [0000100000 - 000039ed10]    TEXT DATA BSS ==> [0000100000 - 000039ed10]
  #2 [000039f000 - 00003a1000]    INIT_PG_TABLE ==> [000039f000 - 00003a1000]
  #3 [000009fc00 - 0000100000]    BIOS reserved ==> [000009fc00 - 0000100000]
  #4 [0000007000 - 0000008000]          PGTABLE ==> [0000007000 - 0000008000]
  #5 [00003a1000 - 0001a0f974]      NEW RAMDISK ==> [00003a1000 - 0001a0f974]
  #6 [0000001000 - 0000005000]          BOOTMAP ==> [0000001000 - 0000005000]
Zone PFN ranges:
  DMA      0x00000000 -> 0x00001000
  Normal   0x00001000 -> 0x000197fe
  HighMem  0x000197fe -> 0x0001fff0
Movable zone start PFN for each node
early_node_map[2] active PFN ranges
    0: 0x00000000 -> 0x0000009f
    0: 0x00000100 -> 0x0001fff0
Allocating PCI resources starting at 30000000 (gap: 20000000:dffc0000)
Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 129935
Kernel command line: ide_generic.probe_mask=0x01 ide_core.chs=0.0:980,16,32 auto nousb console=ttyS0,9600 bigphysarea=65536
Enabling fast FPU save and restore... done.
Enabling unmasked SIMD FPU exception support... done.
Initializing CPU#0
PID hash table entries: 2048 (order: 11, 8192 bytes)
Fast TSC calibration failed
TSC: Unable to calibrate against PIT
TSC: No reference (HPET/PMTIMER) available
Marking TSC unstable due to could not calculate TSC khz
Console: colour dummy device 80x25
console [ttyS0] enabled
Dentry cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
allocated 2621120 bytes of page_cgroup
please try cgroup_disable=memory option if you don't want
Memory: 228512k/524224k available (1715k kernel code, 294880k reserved, 623k data, 156k init, 106440k highmem)
virtual kernel memory layout:
    fixmap  : 0xfffed000 - 0xfffff000   (  72 kB)
    pkmap   : 0xff800000 - 0xffc00000   (4096 kB)
    vmalloc : 0xf7ffe000 - 0xff7fe000   ( 120 MB)
    lowmem  : 0xde000000 - 0xf77fe000   ( 407 MB)
      .init : 0xde34c000 - 0xde373000   ( 156 kB)
      .data : 0xde2acca6 - 0xde348938   ( 623 kB)
      .text : 0xde100000 - 0xde2acca6   (1715 kB)
Checking if this processor honours the WP bit even in supervisor mode...Ok.
Calibrating delay loop... 334.84 BogoMIPS (lpj=167424)
Security Framework initialized
Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
Initializing cgroup subsys cpuacct
Initializing cgroup subsys memory
CPU: L1 I cache: 32K, L1 D cache: 32K
CPU: L2 cache: 2048K
CPU: Intel Pentium II (Klamath) stepping 03
Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
Freeing SMP alternatives: 0k freed
net_namespace: 668 bytes
NET: Registered protocol family 16
PCI: PCI BIOS revision 2.10 entry at 0xfb430, last bus=0
PCI: Using configuration type 1 for base access
bio: create slab <bio-0> at 0
PCI: Probing PCI hardware
pci 0000:00:01.3: quirk: region b000-b03f claimed by PIIX4 ACPI
pci 0000:00:01.3: quirk: region b100-b10f claimed by PIIX4 SMB
pci 0000:00:01.0: PIIX/ICH IRQ router [8086:7000]
pci 0000:00:02.0: BAR 0: can't allocate resource
NET: Registered protocol family 2
IP route cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
TCP established hash table entries: 16384 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
TCP bind hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 16384 bind 16384)
TCP reno registered
NET: Registered protocol family 1


Key point in the output is ofc "Floating point exception: Integer divide by 0"


Last edited by nikos_gr on Mon Dec 19, 2011 6:14 am; edited 1 time in total
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